Who makes the laws?

In most countries, laws are made by the legislative branch of government, which is responsible for creating, debating, and passing legislation. The specific process for making laws can vary depending on the specific political system of a country, but it typically involves the following steps:

  1. Proposal: A bill or proposal for a new law is introduced by a member of the legislature or by the executive branch of government.
  2. Debate: The proposal is debated and amended by the legislature, often through a committee process.
  3. Vote: The proposal is voted on by the legislature, and if it receives a majority of votes it moves on to the next stage.
  4. Approval: If the proposal is approved by the legislature, it is typically sent to the executive branch for the final stage of the law-making process.
  5. Signing: The executive branch (e.g. the President or Governor) reviews the proposal and either signs it into law or vetoes it. If the proposal is vetoed, it can be overridden by a two-thirds majority vote of the legislature.

In some countries, the process for making laws may also involve input from other branches of government, such as the judiciary, or from other stakeholders such as civil society organizations.

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